Industrial Packaging operating profits in Q1 2019 were $404 million ($421 million excluding special items) compared with $647 million ($646 million excluding special items) in Q4 2018. In North America, earnings decreased due to lower demand for boxes and export containerboard, increased economic downtime and higher planned maintenance outage expenses. Input costs were slightly favorable. In Europe, earnings decreased driven by lower sales prices and volumes due to weaker economic conditions, primarily in Turkey and unfavorable foreign currency impacts.
Global Cellulose Fibers operating profits in Q1 2019 were $32 million ($35 million excluding special items) compared with $91 million ($93 million excluding special items) in Q4 2018. Earnings decreased due to lower fluff pulp volume and lower average sales prices for market pulp. In addition, planned maintenance outage expenses, manufacturing operating costs and economic downtime increased.
Printing Papers operating profits in Q1 2019 were $143 million ($144 million excluding special items) versus $192 million ($197 million excluding special items) in Q4 2018. In North America, decreased volumes were partially offset by improved sales prices and mix. Manufacturing operating costs increased primarily due to seasonality and inflation. In Brazil, earnings decreased due to seasonally lower demand and unfavorable geographic mix, slightly offset by improved domestic sales prices. In Europe and Russia, earnings benefited from higher sales prices for uncoated freesheet paper and lower input costs. Sales volumes increased in Europe but were lower in Russia.